Civilizations Wiki - What is the civilizations?
A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, including centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labour, culturally ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming and expansionism. Historically, civilization has often been understood as a larger and "more advanced" culture, in contrast to smaller, supposedly primitive cultures. Similarly, some scholars have described civilization as being necessarily multicultural. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including the cultures of nomadic pastoralists, Neolithic societies or hunter-gatherers, but it also contrasts with the cultures found within civilizations themselves. As an uncountable noun, "civilization" also refers to the process of a society developing into a centralized, urbanized, stratified structure. Civilizations are organized in densely populated settlements divided into hierarchical social classes with a ruling elite and subordinate urban and rural populations, which engage in intensive agriculture, mining, small-scale manufacture and trade. Civilization concentrates power, extending human control over the rest of nature, including over other human beings.Civilization, as its etymology (below) suggests, is a concept originally linked to towns and cities. The earliest emergence of civilizations is generally associated with the final stages of the Neolithic Revolution, culminating in the relatively rapid process of urban revolution and state formation, a political development associated with the appearance of a governing elite..
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Definitions of "civilizations"
- Plural form of civilization. noun
The word "civilizations" in example sentences
They may be the future of Islam, in which case a long, bitter "clash of civilizations" is scarcely avoidable.. [Stromata Blog:]
"As we're trying to understand the biology of the entire planet, we expect what we find in these places with long-term civilizations … to be totally different than what we find here,". [sdbj.com]
ANNAN: ... clash between so-called civilizations based on the exaggeration of religious and cultural differences, or the global community, respecting diversity and rooted in universal values.. [CNN Transcript Nov 10, 2001]
German civilization is the only civilization; but it is not the thought of France or England that their civilizations are the only ones.. [The New York Times Current History of the European War, Vol. 1, January 9, 1915 What Americans Say to Europe]
A similar organic change in our conception of human life and its phenomena is involved in the foregoing definitions of the classes of life; they will replace basic errors with scientific truths of fundamental importance; they will form the basis for scientific development of a permanent civilization in place of the periodically convulsive so-called civilizations of the past and present.. [Manhood of Humanity.]
The Alliance of Civilizations [was] created to oppose the clash of civilizations, that is jihad.. [Jihad Monitor]
Concerning the above, how deep racism is embedded in the original primitive accumulation of capital in 'civilizations' of. [OpEdNews - Diary: Venezuela: The Principle of Hope Against Global United States Military Bases]
Realistically, the best one can hope for may be that as wide as possible a spectrum of states, including states from different "civilizations," in Samuel Huntington's sense, may reach agreement on the description of as many particular cases as possible.. [Is There a Good Terrorist?]
The central point is that these particulars are not distributed around the world according to regions, in line with the grand distinctions among "civilizations," such as that between "Western" and "Indian" backgrounds, which have figured so prominently in theories linked to an alleged "clash of civilizations.". ['The Reach of Reason': An Exchange]
And the president wanted to be very clear that this is not a war of, quote, "civilizations," that this is not a war against Islam.. [CNN Transcript Sep 19, 2001]
Instead, he advocates an emerging configuration of power requiring mutual accommodation between blocs of different "civilizations," an accommodation which, he argues, is already coming into being, whether we like it or not.. [Decline of the West?]
Imagine a prehistoric prophet observing these beings, and forecasting what kind of civilizations their descendants would build.. [This Simian World]
There are no alien civilizations, which isn’t bad per se, but then the human worlds are largely culturally homogenous, with about as much variation between them as you’d get between rural and urban communities on contemporary Earth.. [5 Greatest Space Operas (And No, Foundation Isn’t One Of Them)]
So-called "civilizations" of Mexico and Peru 33, 34. [The Discovery of America Vol. 1 (of 2) with some account of Ancient America and the Spanish Conquest]
The unhappy mortal, what is the use of his "civilizations" and his "useful knowledges," if he have forgotten that beginning of human knowledge; the earliest perception of the awakened human soul in this world; the first dictate of Heaven's inspiration to all men?. [Latter-Day Pamphlets]
The Australian indigenous people are believed to have populated the country for over 50 thousand years, making them one of the oldest "civilizations" on Earth, pre-dating ancient Greeks, Mayans and Egyptians.. [Megite Technology News: What's Happening Right Now]
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