Cognate

Cognate Wiki - What is the cognate?

In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin. A cognate etymon need not be inherited directly from a proto-language; the etymon can be borrowed from some other language, in which evolution produces cognate forms. For example, the English word dish and the German word Tisch ("table") are cognates because they both come from Latin discus, which relates to their flat surfaces. Cognates may have evolved similar, different or even opposite meanings, but in most cases there are some similar letters in the word. Some words sound similar, but don't come from the same root; these are called false cognates. In etymology, the cognate category excludes doublets and loanwords. The word cognate derives from the Latin noun cognatus, which means "blood relative"..

What does the word cognate mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word cognate in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with cognate and anagrams of cognate.

Definitions of "cognate"

  • Related by blood; having a common ancestor. adjective
  • Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *nŏ̄-men-. adjective
  • Related or analogous in nature, character, or function. adjective
  • One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another. noun
  • A word related to one in another language. noun
  • Either descended from the same attested source lexeme of ancestor language, or held on the grounds of the methods of historical linguistics to be regular reflexes of the unattested, reconstructed form of proto-language. adjective
  • One of a number of things allied in origin or nature. noun
  • One who is related to another on the female side. noun
  • One who is related to another, both having descended from a common ancestor through legal marriages. noun
  • A word either descended from the same base word of the same ancestor language as the given word, or strongly believed to be a regular reflex of the same reconstructed root of proto-language as the given word. noun
  • Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (Law), related on the mother's side. adjective
  • Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred. adjective
  • One who is related to another on the female side. noun
  • One of a number of things allied in origin or nature. noun
  • Allied by blood; connected or related by birth; specifically, of the same parentage, near or remote, as another. See cognation, 1.
  • Related in origin; traceable to the same source; proceeding from the same stock or root; of the same family, in a general sense: as, cognate languages or dialects; words cognate in origin.
  • Allied in nature, quality, or form; having affinity of any kind: as, cognate sounds.
  • Any similar notions.
  • One connected with another by ties of kindred; specifically, in the plural, all those whose descent can be traced from one pair. In its technical use in Roman law it implied a lawful marriage as the source. See agnate and cognation, 1. noun

The word "cognate" in example sentences

To use the word cognate implies a family-tree model, which is still the most commonly accepted image that we have for the relations of the Indo-European languages: It ain’t perfect, but it runs.. [No Uncertain Terms]

We welcome work from historians or those in cognate disciplines, including gender studies, Native American studies, religious studies, or cultural studies.. [Archive 2009-06-01]

The very word "islam" comes from a word cognate to shalom, which means peace in Hebrew [and which sounds less threatening to agnostics and atheists than the Arabic-to-English translation].. [Rob Kirkpatrick: Feisal Abdul Rauf's New York Times Op-Ed [With Annotations From an Agnostic]]

Tillières, _Tegulense castrum_, bears a name cognate with the Kerameikos of Athens and with the Tuilleries of Paris.. [Sketches of Travel in Normandy and Maine]

The very word "islam" comes from a word cognate to shalom, which means peace in Hebrew.. [PocketFives]

The English lieutenant is a direct cognate from the French.. [VERBATIM: The Language Quarterly Vol V No 1]

ANGLE (from the Lat. _angulus_, a corner, a diminutive, of which the primitive form, _angus_, does not occur in Latin; cognate are the Lat.. [Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Part 1, Slice 1]

I've been called so many ugly and untrue things by those on the right that simply being classified as a recognized and non-pejorative cognate of "left-leaning" will be refreshing.. [December 1st: Blog Against Racism Day]

Basically the diferent groups decided on the same word, a compound of 'fire' and 'water', which were both terms cognate between the different languages.. [languagehat.com: MUSKOGEAN AND LAMB'S-QUARTERS.]

It seems rather to be an altered form of a Scandinavian personal name cognate with Odo.. [The Romance of Names]

Waldron retired nearly thirty years ago from the syndicate that controlled this house and moved to Providence, where he interested himself in gambling and what, for lack of a better term, may be called the cognate industries.. [Frenzied Finance Vol. 1: The Crime of Amalgamated]

The Winnebagoes, who speak a cognate dialect of the Dacotah, were encamped near; and resembled them in their style of lodges, arts, and general decorations.. [Memoirs of 30 Years with the Indian Tribes on the American Frontiers]

The connection between WAGONING and WEIGHING is not hard to grasp, especially for a trucker, who would also appreci - ate the connection of both of these words with yet another cognate, that is, WAY ` a passage, road, street, track or path '. [VERBATIM: The Language Quarterly Vol IX No 3]

Too many things had their own jargonized label: a world in the multiverse is a "cognate"; a portal to go between them is a "Schwelle"; the Seebecks aren't human, they are Vorpal homunculi; and I'm not even sure what is meant by referring to Aunt Tansy's bathroom as a "Nexus collection point".. [REVIEW: Godplayers by Damien Broderick]

This term has two distinct, though cognate, meanings.. [The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 5: Diocese-Fathers of Mercy]

Sadly, a "cautious" Obama Administration continues to err on the side of protecting war criminals and torturers, and again this from Dmitri Orlov ( "Kolpasnik") on how the Russian world "fuffle," which has a bizarre English cognate, meaning a fraud deliberately manufactured to get someone to go for it ... describes virtually everything happening to us ... in short, we want to be fooled.. [the talking dog]

Cognate Translates

TurkishCognate English to Turkish Translate
(s)., (i). kan bağı ile bağlı olan; aynı kökten gelen (dil, kelime); aynı huyda, birbirine benzer; (i). akraba; aynı soydan veya cinsten olan şey. cogna'tion (i). aynı soydan veya kökten gelme.(s)., (i). kan bağı ile bağlı olan; aynı kökten gelen (dil, kelime); aynı huyda, birbirine benzer; (i). akraba; aynı soydan veya cinsten olan şey. cogna'tion (i). aynı soydan veya kökten gelme.

Cognate on Social Media

OttoIso
OttoIso
2018-12-11

@grotondi: La rete è anche il luogo in cui una platea di persone un tempo concentrate a sparlare di suocere e cognate ha scoperto di pot…

dantherus
Dantherus
2018-12-11

i hope toni doesn't come at me for using direct translation to teach this because really how else are you supposed…

ssempreliberaa
Ssempreliberaa
2018-12-11

@GretchenAMcC: Just learned that the German word "wichtig" (which I'd always had trouble remembering meant "important") can also be tran…

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Cognate

Cognate Word Data

  • Pronunciations(kŏgˈnātˌ)
  • Character7
  • Hyphenation cog nate

Equivalents

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When one door closes another door opens; but we so often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door, that we do not see the ones which open for us. (Alexander Bell)
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