Dialects

Dialects Wiki - What is the dialects?

The term dialect (from Latin dialectus, dialectos, from the Ancient Greek word διάλεκτος, diálektos, "discourse", from διά, diá, "through" and λέγω, légō, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena: One usage refers to a variety of a language that is a characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. Under this definition, the dialects or varieties of a particular language are closely related and, despite their differences, are most often largely mutually intelligible, especially if close to one another on the dialect continuum. The term is applied most often to regional speech patterns, but a dialect may also be defined by other factors, such as social class or ethnicity. A dialect that is associated with a particular social class can be termed a sociolect, a dialect that is associated with a particular ethnic group can be termed as ethnolect, and a regional dialect may be termed a regiolect. According to this definition, any variety of a given language constitutes "a dialect", including any standard varieties. In this case, the distinction between the "standard language" (i.e. the "standard" dialect of a particular language) and the "nonstandard" dialects of the same language is often arbitrary and based on social, political, cultural, or historical considerations. In a similar way, the definitions of the terms "language" and "dialect" may overlap and are often subject to debate, with the differentiation between the two classifications often grounded in arbitrary and/or sociopolitical motives. The other usage of the term "dialect", often deployed in colloquial settings, refers (often somewhat pejoratively) to a language that is socially subordinated to a regional or national standard language, often historically cognate or genetically related to the standard language, but not actually derived from the standard language. In other words, it is not an actual variety of the "standard language" or dominant language, but rather a separate, independently evolved but often distantly related language. In this sense, unlike in the first usage, the standard language would not itself be considered a "dialect", as it is the dominant language in a particular state or region, whether in terms of linguistic prestige, social or political status, official status, predominance or prevalence, or all of the above. Meanwhile, under this usage, the "dialects" subordinate to the standard language are generally not variations on the standard language but rather separate (but often loosely related) languages in and of themselves. Thus, these "dialects" are not dialects or varieties of a particular language in the same sense as in the first usage; though they may share roots in the same family or subfamily as the standard language and may even, to varying degrees, share some mutual intelligibility with the standard language, they often did not evolve closely with the standard language or within the same linguistic subgroup or speech community as the standard language and instead may better fit the criteria of a separate language.For example, most of the various regional Romance languages of Italy, often colloquially referred to as Italian "dialects", are, in fact, not actually derived from modern standard Italian, but rather evolved from Vulgar Latin separately and individually from one another and independently of standard Italian, long prior to the diffusion of a national standardized language throughout what is now Italy. These various Latin-derived regional languages are, therefore, in a linguistic sense, not truly "dialects" or varieties of the standard Italian language, but are instead better defined as their own separate languages. Conversely, with the spread of standard Italian throughout Italy in the 20th century, regional versions or varieties of standard Italian have developed, generally as a mix of national standard Italian with a substratum of local regional languages and local accents. While "dialect" levelling has increased the number of standard Italian speakers and decreased the number of speakers of other languages native to Italy, Italians in different regions have developed variations of standard Italian particular to their region. These variations on standard Italian, known as regional Italian, would thus more appropriately be called "dialects" in accordance with the first linguistic definition of "dialect", as they are in fact derived partially or mostly from standard Italian.A dialect is distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation (phonology, including prosody). Where a distinction can be made only in terms of pronunciation (including prosody, or just prosody itself), the term accent may be preferred over dialect. Other types of speech varieties include jargons, which are characterized by differences in lexicon (vocabulary); slang; patois; pidgins; and argots. The particular speech patterns used by an individual are termed an idiolect..

What does the word dialects mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word dialects in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with dialects and anagrams of dialects.

Definitions of "dialects"

  • Plural form of dialect. noun

The word "dialects" in example sentences

Collin:This is a battle that gets old, but what you describe as dialects are really mutually unintelligible languages.. [Daily Links, April 16, 2009]

Some of them, unfortunately, have been dismissed even though their knowledge of Arabic dialects is higher than those who are not gay.. [Gates defends military's review of DADT]

With no formal education, he speaks Shan, Burmese, Hindi, Thai, and the Yunnan and Mandarin dialects of Chinese.. [Lifting the Bamboo Curtain]

However, I'm not sure if the goal of Mexico to avoid different language dialects is a bad thought.. [Cities for immersion programs]

The similarities in dialects in and around Boston, New York City, Baltimore, and New Orleans, possibly transmitted by boids or ersters.. [October 17th, 2007]

Because in most Latin American dialects of Spanish, “Chilito” = PENIS.. [dustbury.com » Try to see it my way]

To the musical ear certain dialects are a little bit hurtful; you do not get the musical sounds in certain dialects.. [the Influence of Music on the Community]

Between thirty and forty of these inscriptions have been discovered, scattered over nearly the whole of India, and composed in vernacular dialects allied to Pali [581].. [Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 1]

Germany, six in other Teutonic lands, thirteen in Romance countries, no less than thirty-seven in Slavonic dialects, seven in Finnish,. [Europa's Fairy Book]

The Turkish scientist Sabri Sayari noted your lack of knowledge of Turkish or the main Kurdish dialects and thinks this isn't good for your research.. []

This is the most noticeable difference in English dialects and I think current text oversimplifies, saying it's just "British" vs, "US" English.. [Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]]

The main Catalan dialects are classified into a western group ([[Valencian dialect | Valencian]], [[Northwestern Catalan dialect | Northwestern]]) and an eastern group. [Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]]

Now that all the hard work of collecting, drawing the maps, and editing is over, it is up to linguists and lay-people interested in English dialects to make good use of these well-produced volumes.. [VERBATIM: The Language Quarterly Vol V No 4]

The name is easily derived through analyses of sound changes in English dialects that connect surnames like Dunkley with place names of Dinkling and Dinckly in Lancashire.. [VERBATIM: The Language Quarterly Vol III No 2]

It’s certainly unnatural to learn Arabic in a sterile university setting without exposure to real-life situations, but starting at Fusha, learning the grammatical structure of the language, and only later moving on to the dialects is really the way togo.. [The Volokh Conspiracy » Arabic Language Expertise in the Military]

Very few writers get away with writing in dialects, (think Irvine Welsh) but for most readers it is very annoying and disturbs the flow of reading so don’t do it.. [My Dialogue Sucks: Tips For Improving Dialogue In Your Novel | The Creative Penn]

Dialects Translates

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Dialects of the US
Dialects of the US
Mapping How Americans Talk - Soda vs. Pop vs. Coke
Mapping How Americans Talk - Soda vs. Pop vs. Coke
What`s the difference between a dialect and a language?
What`s the difference between a dialect and a language?

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Dialects

Dialects Word Data

  • PronunciationsD AY1 AH0 L EH2 K T S
  • Character8
  • Hyphenation

Synonyms

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Equivalents

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