Glutamine Wiki - What is the glutamine?
Glutamine (symbol Gln or Q) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. Its side chain is similar to that of glutamic acid, except the carboxylic acid group is replaced by an amide. It is classified as a charge-neutral, polar amino acid. It is non-essential and conditionally essential in humans, meaning the body can usually synthesize sufficient amounts of it, but in some instances of stress, the body's demand for glutamine increases, and glutamine must be obtained from the diet. It is encoded by the codons CAA and CAG. In human blood, glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid.The dietary sources of glutamine includes especially the protein-rich foods like beef, chicken, fish, dairy products, eggs, vegetables like beans, beets, cabbage, spinach, carrots, parsley, vegetable juices and also in wheat, papaya, Brussels sprouts, celery, kale and fermented foods like miso..
What does the word glutamine mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word glutamine in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with glutamine and anagrams of glutamine.
Definitions of "glutamine"
- A nonessential amino acid, C5H10N2O3, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins and produced commercially for use in medicine and biochemical research. noun
- A nonessential amino acid C5H10N2O3 found in most animal and plant proteins. noun
- A colorless crvstalline compound, H2N.CO. CH(NH2).CH2.CH2COOH, found, together with asparagin, widely distributed in the vegetable kingdom. It is deposited in slender needles. Also called A-glutamamide and, incorrectly, glutamin. noun
- a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism noun
The word "glutamine" in example sentences
An enzyme called glutamine synthetase is a key actor in a biological cycle that regulates the balance.. [PhysOrg.com - latest science and technology news stories]
GABA is made from the amino acid glutamic acid, which in turn is derived either from another amino acid called glutamine, or from the sugar glucose.. [Alcohol and The Addictive Brain]
Medical, Inc. The patented drug treatment involves the oral administration of L-glutamine, which is the most common amino acid in the body.. [PhysOrg.com - latest science and technology news stories]
He thinks starving pancreatic tumors of food they can use for fuel - an amino acid called glutamine - just might crack that cancer cocoon.. [Breaking News: CBS News]
The patented drug treatment involves the oral administration of L-glutamine, which is the most common amino acid in the body.. [Health News from Medical News Today]
When I felt that we understood control of the red cell glycolytic system my attention returned to mechanism questions: ATP driven synthetases, reactions such as glutamine synthetase (gluamate + NH3 + ATP – glutamine + ADP + Pi) may be written to go in three steps: ATP + E -. [Irwin Rose - Autobiography]
I don’t really think the glutamine is the issue, but it’s easy to test.. [Metabolism and ketosis | The Blog of Michael R. Eades, M.D.]
NEAAs primarily consist of glucogenic amino acids such as glutamine and aspartate, while EAAs consist of ketogenic amino acids such as BCAAs and lysine.. [PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles]
Critics, subsequently having them be associated with anabolic steroids, have also targeted other dietary enhancements such as glutamine and protein powder.. [Paly Voice]
However, creatine and other supplements, such as glutamine and protein powder are used by Paly athletes on a regular basis to enhance their athletic performence.. [Paly Voice]
The Xtend brand also contains glutamine, which further enhances recovery and promotes a healthy immune system.. [Body by Design]
I use protein powder and supplements, which include glutamine, BCAAs, creatine, other amino acids, and vitamin supplements.. [Body by Design]
The thyroid uses glutathione, a combination of three amino acids (glycine, glutamine, and cysteine), protectively as an antioxidant or free radical quencher and as a cofactor that makes it possible for one of its most important enzymes (5'-deiodinase) to work (6).. [Dr. James P. Blumenthal: Healthy Tips For Protecting Your Body From Radiation And Nuclear Fallout]
Ciliates have reassigned two of their three stop codons such that they code for glutamine.. [Crossroads]
The L-glutamine helps prevent muscle degeneration.. [The New Yorker on the underground world of “neuroenhancing” drugs. - Boing Boing]
Amino acids (Protein but already broken down for easy absorption) like glutamine or taurine.. [Hangover Cures: Myth, Legend, Fact | Lifehacker Australia]
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