Kalam Wiki - What is the kalam?
ʿIlm al-Kalām (Arabic: عِلْم الكَلام, literally "science of discourse"), usually foreshortened to Kalām and sometimes called "Islamic scholastic theology", is the study of Islamic doctrine ('aqa'id). It was born out of the need to establish and defend the tenets of Islamic faith against doubters and detractors. A scholar of Kalām is referred to as a mutakallim (plural: mutakallimūn), and it's a role distinguished from those of Islamic philosophers, jurists, and scientists.The Arabic term Kalām means "speech, word, utterance" among other things, and its use regarding Islamic theology is derived from the expression "Word of God" (Kalām Allāh) found in the Qur'an.Murtada Mutahhari describes Kalām as a discipline devoted to discuss "the fundamental Islamic beliefs and doctrines which are necessary for a Muslim to believe in. It explains them, argues about them, and defends them" (see also Five Pillars of Islam). There are many possible interpretations as to why this discipline was originally called so; one is that the widest controversy in this discipline has been about whether the "Word of God", as revealed in the Qur'an, can be considered part of God's essence and therefore not created, or whether it was made into words in the normal sense of speech, and is therefore created..
What does the word kalam mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word kalam in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with kalam and anagrams of kalam.
Definitions of "kalam"
- speculative theology noun
The word "kalam" in example sentences
I would soon learn that kalam is Pashto for "pen," which the children know all soldiers carry and is a coveted souvenir.. [TIME.com: Top Stories]
He is considered as the architect of a distinct school of thought in the principles of jurisprudence and Islamic law, and one of the leading exponents of 'kalam'-scholastic theology - and' rijal '- study of the biographies of transmitters of ahadith, the prophetic traditions,' fiqh '- jurisprudence - and. [WN.com - Articles related to Emirates becomes first Arab airline to operate Czech Republic route]
Islamic law, and one of the leading exponents of 'kalam'-scholastic theology - and' rijal '- study of the biographies of transmitters of ahadith, the prophetic traditions,' fiqh '- jurisprudence - and. [WN.com - Articles related to Emirates becomes first Arab airline to operate Czech Republic route]
Most importantly, he was a brilliant student of philosophy and theology, or more specifically what is referred to in Arabic as kalam, which is a form of dialectic debate and argument.. [When Baghdad was centre of the scientific world]
The mufti said idha takalam al-seif, uskut ya kalam – ‘when the sword talks, there is no place for talking’.. [Wonk Room » Dershowitz: Palestinians ‘Played A Significant Role In The Holocaust’]
The early Muslim theologians found that the techniques of kalam enabled them to hold their own in theological discussions with the Christian and Jewish scholars who lived alongside them, and who had had a head start of several centuries to hone their debating skills by studying the writings of philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle – historical figures from ancient Greece whose names would certainly have been known to the young Ma'mūn.. [When Baghdad was centre of the scientific world]
The third chapter details four arguments in favor of his generalized version of ID creationism, which he considers “somewhat—but only somewhat—plausible”: the fine-tuning argument, the kalam cosmological argument, the argument from the variety of life, and the simulation argument.. [An Atheist Defends Intelligent-Design Creationism - The Panda's Thumb]
It calls for a Muslim worldview based not exclusively on jurisprudence but including Islamic philosophy (falsafah), theology (kalam) and literature (adab).. [On Thursday, the Legg report will be published along with...]
Forests, mostly in the north-east of the park, are dominated by kalam or kadam Mitragyna parvifolia, jamun Syzygium cuminii and babul Acacia nilotica.. [Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park, India]
It is often classified today as a cosmological argument, but it should not be confused with the kalam cosmological argument (which takes as a premise that the world has a finite history).. [Samuel Clarke]
Ostensibly a letter written to an advanced student who cannot decide whether to follow philosophy or the teachings of his religion, it is in reality much more: a commentary on biblical terms that appear to ascribe corporeal qualities to God, an uncompromising defense of negative theology, an extended critique of the kalam, a systematic treatment of creation, prophecy, and providence, and a theory of jurisprudence.. [Maimonides]
Throughout the Guide, Maimonides considers four accounts of creation: that of the kalam, Moses, Plato, and Aristotle.. [Maimonides]
If they have to plant a mango ‘kalam’, the stone has to be blasted and soil added around the sapling.. [A slice of Konkan in Mumbai]
I see Flew also makes a fool of himself by believing in the kalam cosmological argument, which is thorougly incompatible with, and refuted by, modern cosmologies.. [Brits to teach controversy (or are they?) - The Panda's Thumb]
If, for example, the kalam cosmological argument is not irrational to accept—and suppose it was supported by legitimate inferences from empirical premises (e.g., the universe did not always exist)combined with reasonable conceptual notions (e.g., an infinite regress cannot be traversed, something does not come from nothing)— calling such an argument “not science” contributes nothing to the dispute over it.. [Beckwith, ID and science - The Panda's Thumb]
The doctrine it presents, for example atomism, is very much part and parcel of the kalam tradition, rather than philosophy, strictly speaking.. [Abraham Ibn Ezra]
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