Manicheanism Wiki - What is the manicheanism?
Manichaeism (; in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin-e Māni; Chinese: 摩尼教; pinyin: Móní Jiào) was a major religious movement that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ /mɑni/, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes from Koine Greek: Μάνης; c. 216–276) in the Sasanian Empire.Manichaeism taught an elaborate dualistic cosmology describing the struggle between a good, spiritual world of light, and an evil, material world of darkness. Through an ongoing process that takes place in human history, light is gradually removed from the world of matter and returned to the world of light, whence it came. Its beliefs were based on local Mesopotamian religious movements and Gnosticism.Manichaeism was quickly successful and spread far through the Aramaic-speaking regions. It thrived between the third and seventh centuries, and at its height was one of the most widespread religions in the world. Manichaean churches and scriptures existed as far east as China and as far west as the Roman Empire. It was briefly the main rival to Christianity before the spread of Islam in the competition to replace classical paganism. Manichaeism survived longer in the east than in the west, and it appears to have finally faded away after the 14th century in south China, contemporary to the decline of the Church of the East in Ming China. While most of Manichaeism's original writings have been lost, numerous translations and fragmentary texts have survived. An adherent of Manichaeism is called a Manichaean or Manichean, or Manichee, especially in older sources..
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Definitions of "manicheanism"
- Same as Manicheism. noun
The word "manicheanism" in example sentences
Rawls repeats the common charge that Hellenism had corrupted Christianity, tempting Christians to adopt various heresies, including gnosticism, docetism, manicheanism, and montanism.. [Matthew Yglesias » Before There Was Early Rawls…]
But in the real world beyond the cartoon manicheanism of the left, the people who struggle against a villainous regime may themselves be villainous.. [Heroes and villains]
Don't worry, you'll grow up some day, stop reading "The Nation" as news and understand that the world is more complex than you can see through the blinders of your primitive manicheanism.. ["The GOP has morphed from a party that reveres limited government to a party that is girlishly infatuated with executive authority."]
When the later cartoons, Beast Wars and Beast Machines, began their run, the situation was similar-initially unable to get away from manicheanism in a children's cartoon, they settled for other tactics of maturing the brand.. [The House Next Door]
etc. by a poet from another aesthetic tradition & find myself unable to work up any sort of enthusiasm, I get all worried that I'm falling into the manicheanism that Don Share excoriates so nicely in his "little everyday fascisms" post*, referring transparently yet coyly to Ron Silliman's response to the reams of reviewery devoted to the Lowell / Bishop letters.. [Culture Industry]
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