Public

Public Wiki - What is the public?

In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the sociological concept of the Öffentlichkeit or public sphere. The concept of a public has also been defined in political science, psychology, marketing, and advertising. In public relations and communication science, it is one of the more ambiguous concepts in the field. Although it has definitions in the theory of the field that have been formulated from the early 20th century onwards, it has suffered in more recent years from being blurred, as a result of conflation of the idea of a public with the notions of audience, market segment, community, constituency, and stakeholder.The name "public" originates with the Latin publicus (also poplicus), from populus, to the English word 'populace', and in general denotes some mass population ("the people") in association with some matter of common interest. So in political science and history, a public is a population of individuals in association with civic affairs, or affairs of office or state. In social psychology, marketing, and public relations, a public has a more situational definition. John Dewey defined (Dewey 1927) a public as a of who, in facing a , recognize it and organize themselves to address it. Dewey's definition of a public is thus situational: people organized about a situation. Built upon this situational definition of a public is the situational theory of publics by James E. Grunig (Grunig 1983), which talks of nonpublics (who have no problem), latent publics (who have a problem), aware publics (who recognize that they have a problem), and active publics (who do something about their problem).In public relations and communication theory, a public is distinct from a stakeholder or a market. A public is a subset of the set of stakeholders for an organization, that comprises those people concerned with a specific issue. Whilst a market has an exchange relationship with an organization, and is usually a passive entity that is created by the organization, a public does not necessarily have an exchange relationship, and is both self-creating and self-organizing. Publics are targeted by public relations efforts. In this, target publics are those publics whose involvement is necessary for achieving organization goals; intervening publics are opinion formers and mediators, who pass information to the target publics; and influentials are publics that the target publics turn to for consultation, whose value judgements are influential upon how a target public will judge any public relations material. The public is often targeted especially in regard to political agendas as their vote is necessary in order to further the progression of the cause. As seen in Massachusetts between 2003 and 2004, it was necessary to "win a critical mass of states and a critical mass of public support" in order to get same-sex marriage passed in the commonwealth.Public relations theory perspectives on publics are situational, per Dewey and Grunig; mass, where a public is simply viewed as a population of individuals; agenda-building, where a public is viewed as a condition of political involvement that is not transitory; and "homo narrans", where a public is (in the words of Gabriel M. Vasquez, assistant professor in the School of Communication at the University of Houston) a collection of "individuals that develop a group consciousness around a problematic situation and act to solve the problematic situation" (Vasquez 1993, pp. 209). Public schools are often under controversy for their "agenda-building," especially in debates over whether to teach a religious or secular curriculum. The promotion of an agenda is commonplace whenever one is in a public environment, but schools have exceptional power in that regard. In the public school system, it is the responsibility of those within the system to determine what agenda is being promoted. One non-situational concept of a public is that of Kirk Hallahan, professor at Colorado State University, who defines a public as "a group of people who relate to an organization, who demonstrate varying degrees of activity—passivity, and who might (or might not) interact with others concerning their relationship with the organization".Samuel Mateus's 2011 paper "Public as Social Experience" considered to view the concept by an alternative point of view: the public "is neither a simple audience constituted by media consumers nor just a rational-critical agency of a Public Sphere". He argued "the concept should also be seen in the light of a publicness principle, beyond a critic and manipulative publicity (...). In accordance, the public may be regarded as the result of the social activities made by individuals sharing symbolic representations and common emotions in publicness. Seen with lower-case, the concept is a set of subjectivities who look publicly for a feeling of belonging. So, in this perspective, the public is still a fundamental notion to social life although in a different manner in comparison to 18th century Public Sphere's Public. He means above all the social textures and configurations where successive layers of social experience are built up."The general public also sets social norms which causes people to express themselves in socially acceptable manners. Although this is present within every community, this is often especially applicable within the transgender community as they feel the need to "perform" to a certain set of expectations to be seen as their true gender..

What does the word public mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word public in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with public and anagrams of public.

Definitions of "public"

  • Of, concerning, or affecting the community or the people: the public good. adjective
  • Maintained for or used by the people or community: a public park. adjective
  • Capitalized in shares of stock that can be traded on the open market: a public company. adjective
  • Participated in or attended by the people or community: "Opinions are formed in a process of open discussion and public debate” ( Hannah Arendt). adjective
  • Connected with or acting on behalf of the people, community, or government: public office. adjective
  • Enrolled in or attending a public school: transit passes for public students. adjective
  • Open to the knowledge or judgment of all: a public scandal. adjective
  • The community or the people as a whole. noun
  • A group of people sharing a common interest: the reading public. noun
  • Admirers or followers, especially of a famous person. See Usage Note at collective noun. noun
  • go public To become publicly owned, by launching shares of stock onto the open market: The company went public after having been closely held for 12 years. idiom
  • go public with Informal To reveal to the public a previously unknown or secret piece of information: The president finally had to go public with the scandal. idiom
  • in public In such a way as to be visible to the scrutiny of the people: "A career is born in public—talent in privacy” ( Marilyn Monroe). idiom
  • Traded publicly via a stock market. adjective
  • The people in general, regardless of membership of any particular group. noun
  • Of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; -- opposed to private. adjective
  • Open to the knowledge or view of all; general; common; notorious adjective
  • Open to common or general use adjective
  • The general body of mankind, or of a nation, state, or community; the people, indefinitely; ; also, a particular body or aggregation of people. noun

The word "public" in example sentences

Quote: The current tent city, along the American River, has prompted concern by The American River Parkway Preservation Society, which has written on its blog: “If local government truly wishes to establish tent cities they need to be some place where the surrounding communities are not materially and criminogenically degraded — as the first call of public leadership is to *protect the public*.”. [Sacramento and Its Riverside Tent City - The Lede Blog - NYTimes.com]

If AutoAdmit wasn't a public forum in the sense of its content being openly and freely available to the public*, what is?. [:D.]

Certainly the best works and of greatest merit for the public have proceeded from the unmarried or childless men, which both in affection and means have married and endowed the public….. [Francis Bacon (1561-1626)]

Chalmers, at the end of his long life, having had much power with the public, being plagued in some serious matter by a reference to “public opinion, ” uttered the impatient exclamation, “The public is just a great baby!. [Sesame and Lilies. Lecture I.-Sesame: Of Kings’ Treasuries]

By the time he should find it out for himself the public -- _le gros public_ -- would have bitten, and then perhaps he would be conciliated and forgive.. [Embarrassments]

Well might he inquire, for this man, having combed his hair with a public comb, which was attached to the door-post by a string, and examined himself carefully in a bit of glass, about two inches in diameter, proceeded to cleanse his teeth with a _public tooth-brush_ which hung beside the comb.. [The Golden Dream Adventures in the Far West]

The motives which induced my acceptance are the same which ever ruled my decision when the public desire -- or, as my countrymen are pleased to denominate it, the _public good_ -- was placed in the scale against my personal enjoyments and private interest.. [Washington and the American Republic, Vol. 3.]

In Europe, therefore, these works, supposing the labour equally efficient, would have cost at least four times the sum here estimated; and such works formed by private individuals for the public good, without any view whatever to return in profits, indicates a very high degree of _public spirit_.. [The slave trade, domestic and foreign Why It Exists, and How It May Be Extinguished]

I understand why they have such devices on public transit vehicles, such as planes, and trains, and other things that are entrusted with * public* safety .... [Autoblog]

_out-door relief_ was given _from the public funds_ to thirty-four thousand five hundred and seventy-two more -- making in all seventy-three thousand two hundred and sixty-four persons, or one out of every five, in the city of New York, dependent, more or less, on _public charity_.. [Cotton is King, and Pro-Slavery Arguments Comprising the Writings of Hammond, Harper, Christy, Stringfellow, Hodge, Bledsoe, and Cartrwright on This Important Subject]

Let us not deceive ourselves, the very essence of a free government consists in considering _offices as public trusts_, bestowed for the good of the country, and not for the benefit of an individual or a party; and that system of political morals which regards offices in a different light, as _public prizes_ to be won by combatants most skilled in all the arts and corruption of political tactics, and to be used and enjoyed as their proper spoils -- strikes a fatal blow at the very vitals of free institutions.. [Southern Literature From 1579-1895 A comprehensive review, with copious extracts and criticisms for the use of schools and the general reader]

_private_ enterprise, -- that idle persons might get dividends out of the public pocket, -- but by _public_ enterprise, -- each citizen paying down at once his share of what was necessary to accomplish the benefit to the State, -- great architectural and engineering efforts were made for the common service.. [Val d'Arno]

And since, further, there is generally thought to be some peculiar kind of contrariety between self-love and the love of our neighbour, between the pursuit of public and of private good; insomuch that when you are recommending one of these, you are supposed to be speaking against the other; and from hence arises a secret prejudice against, and frequently open scorn of, all talk of public spirit and real good-will to our fellow - creatures; it will be necessary to _inquire what respect benevolence hath to self-love_, _and the pursuit of private interest to the pursuit of public_: or whether there be anything of that peculiar inconsistence and contrariety between them over and above what there is between self-love and other passions and particular affections, and their respective pursuits.. [Human Nature and Other Sermons]

[public] comment = Public path = / data / public write list = +public, +office, +vic, +liz read only = No printable = No. [LinuxQuestions.org]

"And, sir, passing from considerations of public honor, there are many reasons of _public policy_ which forbid the repeal of the act of 1875.. [Recollections of Forty Years in the House, Senate and Cabinet An Autobiography.]

This extreme form of televisual entertainment is something new, operating without much of the traditional restraint implied by the term "public service broadcasting".. [The Independent - Frontpage RSS Feed]

Public Translates

TurkishPublic English to Turkish Translate
s., i. halka ait, umuma ait, umumi, genel; herkese mahsus; açık, aleni. i. halk, ahali, umum: seyirciler. publicad dress system hoparlor tertibatı, kıs. P.A. public baths halk hamamları. public buildings halka mahsus binalar. public credit umumi itibar. public debt devlet borçları. public domain kamu arazisi; halkın malı. public enemy halk düşmanı. public highway umuma açık herhangi bir yol. public house han, otel; İng. birahane, meyhane. public land milli arazi, miri arazi. public law amme hukuku. public library genel kitaplık. public life sosyal hayat. public nuisance kamu için zararlı olan davranış. public offense amme suçu. public opinion kamu oyui, efkârıumumiye. public relations halkla olan ilişkileri kuvvetlendirme çabaları. public revenues devlet geliri. public school bak. school. public security umumi emniyet. public servant devlet memuru. public service amme hizmeti. public utilities (elektrik, su gibi) umumi hizmet müessese leri. public works bayındırlık işleri. in public alenen, açıkça, herkesin önünde open to the public umuma açık, herkes girebilir. publicly z. alenen, aeme karşı; halk tarafından.s., i. halka ait, umuma ait, umumi, genel; herkese mahsus; açık, aleni. i. halk, ahali, umum: seyirciler. publicad dress system hoparlor tertibatı, kıs. P.A. public baths halk hamamları. public buildings halka mahsus binalar. public credit umumi itibar. public debt devlet borçları. public domain kamu arazisi; halkın malı. public enemy halk düşmanı. public highway umuma açık herhangi bir yol. public house han, otel; İng. birahane, meyhane. public land milli arazi, miri arazi. public law amme hukuku. public library genel kitaplık. public life sosyal hayat. public nuisance kamu için zararlı olan davranış. public offense amme suçu. public opinion kamu oyui, efkârıumumiye. public relations halkla olan ilişkileri kuvvetlendirme çabaları. public revenues devlet geliri. public school bak. school. public security umumi emniyet. public servant devlet memuru. public service amme hizmeti. public utilities (elektrik, su gibi) umumi hizmet müessese leri. public works bayındırlık işleri. in public alenen, açıkça, herkesin önünde open to the public umuma açık, herkes girebilir. publicly z. alenen, aeme karşı; halk tarafından.

Public on Social Media

Public Comments

Public Videos


In Public Fight With Schumer, Pelosi, Trump, He’d Be Proud To Shut Down Gov Over | NBC Nightly News
In Public Fight With Schumer, Pelosi, Trump, He’d Be Proud To Shut Down Gov Over | NBC Nightly News
Meeting between Trump,  Pelosi, Schumer descends into public bickering
Meeting between Trump, Pelosi, Schumer descends into public bickering
[KPOP IN PUBLIC CHALLENGE] TWICE (트와이스) -
[KPOP IN PUBLIC CHALLENGE] TWICE (트와이스) - "YES or YES"

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public image

News about public





Public

Public Word Data

  • Pronunciations(pŭbˈlĭk)
  • Character6
  • Hyphenation pub lic

Hypernyms

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Quote

Courage is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm. (Winston Churchill)
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