Rational Wiki - What is the rational?
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason. Rationality implies the conformity of one's beliefs with one's reasons to believe, and of one's actions with one's reasons for action. "Rationality" has different specialized meanings in philosophy, economics, sociology, psychology, evolutionary biology, game theory and political science. To determine what behavior is the most rational, one needs to make several key assumptions, and also needs a logical formulation of the problem. When the goal or problem involves making a decision, rationality factors in all information that is available (e.g. complete or incomplete knowledge). Collectively, the formulation and background assumptions are the model within which rationality applies. Rationality is relative: if one accepts a model in which benefitting oneself is optimal, then rationality is equated with behavior that is self-interested to the point of being selfish; whereas if one accepts a model in which benefiting the group is optimal, then purely selfish behavior is deemed irrational. It is thus meaningless to assert rationality without also specifying the background model assumptions describing how the problem is framed and formulated..
What does the word rational mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word rational in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with rational and anagrams of rational.
Definitions of "rational"
- Having or exercising the ability to reason. adjective
- Of sound mind; sane. adjective
- Consistent with or based on reason; logical: rational behavior. See Synonyms at logical. adjective
- Mathematics Capable of being expressed as a quotient of integers. adjective
- Mathematics A rational number. noun
- Capable of reasoning. adjective
- Logically sound; not contradictory or otherwise absurd. adjective
- Healthy or balanced intellectually; exhibiting reasonableness. adjective
- Of a number, capable of being expressed as the ratio of two integers. adjective
- Of an algebraic expression, capable of being expressed as the ratio of two polynomials. adjective
- A rational number: a number that can be expressed as the quotient of two integers. noun
- A rational being. noun
- Relating to the reason; not physical; mental. adjective
- Having reason, or the faculty of reasoning; endowed with reason or understanding; reasoning. adjective
- Agreeable to reason; not absurd, preposterous, extravagant, foolish, fanciful, or the like; wise; judicious adjective
- Expressing the type, structure, relations, and reactions of a compound; graphic; -- said of formulæ. See under Formula. adjective
- A rational being. noun
- Of, pertaining to, or springing from the reason, in the sense of the highest faculty of cognition.
- Endowed with reason, in the sense of that faculty which distinguishes man from the brutes: as, man is a rational animal.
The word "rational" in example sentences
For example, in ˜Socrates is rational,™ ˜rational™ is taken from the form of Socrates, his humanity.. [Medieval Theories of the Categories]
Arab _Ar'ab_, not _arab_ arid _ar'id_ asphalt _asfalt_, not _fawlt_ bade _bad_ catch not _ketch_ defalcate _defal'kate_, not _fawl_ dilletante _dilletan'te_ forbade _forbad_ granary _granary_ program _pro'gram_, not _grum_ rapine _rap'in_ rational _rational_ sacrament _sacrament_. [Practical Grammar and Composition]
Here the term rational 'apparently points to or expresses a property that distinguishes human beings from other animals.. [Warranted Christian Belief]
Your comment was certain "rational" - for an amoeba!. [Obama to tour key Western states]
Whitfield's use of the word "rational" implies that the opponents are consciously aware of their strategy and its consequences.. [David Sloan Wilson: Evolution Begins to Occupy Center Stage in Economic Debates]
In a twist of fate, some say they'll be looking to Rep. Barney Frank (D-Mass.), chief architect of the House bill and a sharp critic of banking excesses, to restore what they call rational discussion. ad_icon. [Financial Reform: Lobbyists Fret, Call Some Proposals 'Crazy' 'Draconian,' 'Insanely Unproductive']
In a twist of fate, some say they'll be looking to Rep. Barney Frank (D-Mass.), chief architect of the House bill and a sharp critic of banking excesses, to restore what they call rational discussion.. [Lobbyists fret over legislation to reshape financial system]
Jiang says believe that Chinese public will express views in what she describes as a rational way.. [Beijing Increases Security Due to Dispute With Japan]
That belief is what we call rational, and even elevated.. [Dictionary of the History of Ideas]
Thus from time to time and upon all occasions thou must put this question to thyself; what is now that part of mine which they call the rational mistress part, employed about?. [Meditations]
"Now that's what I call rational," murmured Mrs Jefferson in Colonel. [The Mystery of a Turkish Bath]
Although animal life, within man and beyond him, has its wild beauty and mystic justifications, yet that specific form of life which we call rational, and which is no less natural than the rest, would never have arisen without an expansion of human faculty, an increase in mental scope, for which civilisation is necessary.. [The Life of Reason]
It is not to be forgotten that what we call rational grounds for our beliefs are often extremely irrational attempts to justify our instincts.. [The Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley]
He speaks of what he calls the rational UNITY of things, when all the while he really means their possible empirical UNIFICATION.. [Pragmatism]
In the disposition of other people's children, we can be governed by what we call rational considerations; but when called upon to part with our own helpless offspring, how differently do we estimate circumstances!. [The Lights and Shadows of Real Life]
It is a stupid assumption, but the point is they did not mean what most people mean when they use the word rational.. [The Economist: Daily news and views]
Rational TranslatesRational English to Turkish Translate
(s.) akıl sahibi, akıllı, makul, mantıklı; ussal; (mat.) rasyonel. rational'ity, rationalness (i.) mantıklılık, ussallık. rationally (z.) makul olarak, mantıkla.(s.) akıl sahibi, akıllı, makul, mantıklı; ussal; (mat.) rasyonel. rational'ity, rationalness (i.) mantıklılık, ussallık. rationally (z.) makul olarak, mantıkla.