Rhinoceros Wiki - What is the rhinoceros?
A rhinoceros (, from Greek rhinokeros, meaning 'nose-horned', from rhinos, meaning 'nose', and kerato/keras, meaning 'horn'), commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species. Two of the extant species are native to Africa and three to Southern Asia. The term "rhinoceros" is often more broadly applied to now extinct relatives of the superfamily Rhinocerotoidea. Members of the rhinoceros family are some of the largest remaining megafauna, with all species able to reach or exceed one tonne in weight. They have a herbivorous diet, small brains (400–600 g) for mammals of their size, one or two horns, and a thick (1.5–5 cm) protective skin formed from layers of collagen positioned in a lattice structure. They generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgut allows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter when necessary. Unlike other perissodactyls, the two African species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their lips to pluck food.Rhinoceros are killed by some humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and used by some cultures for ornaments or traditional medicine. East Asia, specifically Vietnam, is the largest market for rhino horns. By weight, rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. People grind up the horns and consume them, believing the dust has therapeutic properties. The horns are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails. Both African species and the Sumatran rhinoceros have two horns, while the Indian and Javan rhinoceros have a single horn. The IUCN Red List identifies the Black, Javan, and Sumatran rhinoceros as critically endangered..
What does the word rhinoceros mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word rhinoceros in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with rhinoceros and anagrams of rhinoceros.
Definitions of "rhinoceros"
- Any of several large, thick-skinned, herbivorous mammals of the family Rhinocerotidae, of Africa and Asia, having one or two upright horns on the snout. noun
- Any of several large herbivorous pachyderms native to Africa and Asia of the five genera in the family Rhinocerotidae, with thick, gray skin and one or two horns on their snouts. noun
- Any pachyderm belonging to the genera Rhinoceros, Atelodus, and several allied genera of the family Rhinocerotidæ, of which several living, and many extinct, species are known. They are large and powerful, and usually have either one or two stout conical median horns on the snout. noun
- A large pachydermatous perissodactyl mammal with a horn on the nose; any member of the genus Rhinoceros or family Rhinocerotidæ. There are several living as well as many fossil species. They are huge ungainly quadrupeds, having an extremely thick and tough or hard skin, thrown into various buckler-like plates and folds. The legs are short, stout, and clumsy, with odd-toed feet, whose three digits are incased in separate hoofs. The tail is short; the ears are high and rather large; the head is very large and unshapely, supported upon a thick stocky neck; the muzzle is blunt, and the upper lip freely movable. The head is especially long in the nasal region, and there are usually one or two massive upright horns, without any bony core, the substance of the horn being epidermal only. When two horns are present they are one behind the other in the median line, and the hinder one rests over the frontal bone, the front one being in any case borne upon the nasal bones. Rhinoceroses live mainly in marshy places, in thick or rank vegetation, and subsist entirely upon vegetable food. The living species are now confined to the warmer parts of Africa and Asia, and are hairless or nearly so; but these animals formerly had a much more extensive range, not only in the Old World, but also in America. The best-known of the extinct species is R. tichorhinus, the woolly rhinoceros, which formerly ranged over Europe, including the British Isles. Of the existing one-horned species are the Indian rhinoceros, R. indicus or R. unicornis, which inhabits the warmer parts of Asia, attains a height of 5 feet, and has the horn short and stout; the Javan rhinoceros, R. sondaicus, or R. javanus, distinct from the Indian species, inhabiting Java, the Malay peninsula, etc.; the hairy-eared rhinoceros, R. lasiotis; and the African kobaoba, R. simus. The two-horned species include the Sumatran or Malaccan rhinoceros, R. suma-trensis; and the African keitloa, R. keitloa or bicornis. See also cut under Perissodactyla. noun
- [capitalized] [NL. (Linnæus, 1758).] The typical genus of Rhinocerotidæ, containing all the living and some of the extinct forms. See above. noun
- massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout noun
The word "rhinoceros" in example sentences
A man with many tail-feathers from the rhinoceros hornbill (_buceros rhinoceros_) stuck into his rattan cap seated himself on a crude platform which had been built on upright poles over the water.. [Through Central Borneo; an Account of Two Years' Travel in the Land of Head-Hunters Between the Years 1913 and 1917]
Jun. 9th, 2010 02: 36 am (UTC) 'The rhinoceros is all that's left of the unicorn.. ["This whole world is wild at heart...and weird on top."]
In Sao Paulo's city council election in 1959, the top vote getter among hundreds of candidates was Cacareco - a rhinoceros from the zoo.. [Brazil in Grip of Historic Vote]
James had visited the San Diego Zoo and thought rhinoceros is the coolest animal on the planet.. [Subhankar Banerjee: Youth Across North America Are Fighting For Their Future Climate]
A new rhinoceros from the lower Miocene of the Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistkan: the earliest elasmotheriine.. [Are Sumatran rhinos really ‘living fossils’?]
No doubt the old rhinoceros is making trouble, but it is hard not to sympathise with him when he says of Ming Campbell:. [Kenneth Clarke "We must turn to the Liberals"]
Cocoa-nut trees fringe the river bank for some distance, and there are some large, spreading trees loaded with the largest and showiest crimson blossoms I ever saw, throwing even the gaudy Poinciana regia into the shade; but nothing can look very attractive here, with the swamp in front and the jungle behind, where the rhinoceros is said to roam undisturbed.. [The Golden Chersonese and the Way Thither]
The jungle seems to be full of wild beasts, specially tigers, in this neighborhood, and the rhinoceros is not uncommon.. [The Golden Chersonese and the Way Thither]
"A quarter of a century ago there was not a huge amount of interest in Chinese rhinoceros horn libation cups, but things have changed rather a lot since then.". [BBC News | News Front Page | World Edition]
In some countries this insect is described as the rhinoceros beetle, and is said to belong to the _Dynastidæ_ species.. [The Philippine Islands]
"In this island, too, is a kind of wild beast, called rhinoceros -- it is a huge beast with a single horn, thick, in the middle of its head, and it lifteth the great elephant upon its horn.". [A Book of Discovery The History of the World's Exploration, From the Earliest Times to the Finding of the South Pole]
Next to the mighty elephant, the rhinoceros is the largest and strongest of animals.. [New National Fourth Reader]
Though clumsy and apparently very stupid, the rhinoceros is a very active animal when attacked or otherwise alarmed, dashing about with wonderful rapidity.. [New National Fourth Reader]
In that island too is a kind of wild beast called the rhinoceros which pastureth there like oxen and buffaloes in our country; but the bulk of that wild beast is greater than the bulk of the camel, and it eateth the tender leaves of trees.. [Nights 537-566. The Second Voyage of Es-Sindibad of the Sea.]
Owing to his size, his powerful armament, and his incredible quickness the rhinoceros is a dangerous animal at all times, to be treated with respect and due caution.. [The Land of Footprints]
Throughout the whole course of our journey the rhinoceros was the most abundant of the larger animals.. [African Camp Fires]
Rhinoceros TranslatesRhinoceros English to Turkish Translate
i. gergedan, zool. Rhinoceros unicornis. rhinocer'ial, rhinocerot'ic s. gergedana ait.i. gergedan, zool. Rhinoceros unicornis. rhinocer'ial, rhinocerot'ic s. gergedana ait.
News about rhinoceros
A 2-Year-Old Girl Was Hospitalized After Falling Into a Rhinoceros Yard at a Florida Zoo
A 2-year-old girl was hospitalized after falling into a rhinoceros enclosure during Brevard Zoo's Rhino Encounter program in Florida.
No Robot Like Robot
A.I. researcher Janelle Shane responds to Annalee Newitz’s short story “When Robot and Crow Saved East St. Louis.”
The sound of a tropical forest
![Figure]Hornbills, such as this rhinoceros hornbill in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia, have prominent vocalizations that can be identified in soundscapes. PHOTO: RHETT A. BUTLER/[MONGABAY.COM] Conservation areas around the …