Species

Definitions of "Species"

A group of closely related organisms that are very similar to each other and are usually capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. The species is the fundamental category of taxonomic classification, ranking below a genus or subgenus. Species names are represented in binomial nomenclature by an uncapitalized Latin adjective or noun following a capitalized genus name, as in Ananas comosus, the pineapple, and Equus caballus, the horse. noun

A class of individuals or objects grouped by virtue of their common attributes and assigned a common name; a division subordinate to a genus. noun

A set of atoms, molecules, ions, or other chemical entities that possess the same distinct characteristics with respect to a chemical process or measurement. noun

A kind, variety, or type. noun

The outward appearance or form of the Eucharistic elements that is retained after their consecration. noun

Either of the consecrated elements of the Eucharist. noun

A former standard of currency in certain parts of Germany and in the north of Europe, apparently answering to the modern dollar of commerce. noun

An appearance or representation to the senses or the perceptive faculties; an image presented to the eye or the mind. noun

Something to be seen or looked at; a spectacle or exhibition; a show. noun

In logic, and hence in ordinary language, a class included under a higher class, or, at least, not considered as including lower classes; a kind; a sort; a number of individuals having common characters peculiar to them. noun

One of the kinds of things constituting a combined aggregate or a compound; a distinct constituent part or element; an instrumental means: as, the species of a compound medicine. noun

The word "Species" in example sentences

Action and reaction does not produce the species, nor yet _another species_. The Christian Foundation, Or, Scientific and Religious Journal, February, 1880

This consideration leads us to treat of the main objection raised to every descent theory: namely, that never yet has the origin of one species from another been observed, but that, on the contrary, _all species_ -- so far as our experience goes, stretching over thousands of years -- _remain constant_. The Theories of Darwin and Their Relation to Philosophy, Religion, and Morality

He might reply to the dilemma by saying, species do not exist _as species_ in the sense in which they are said to vary (variation applying only to the concrete embodiments of {272} the specific idea), and the evolution of species is demonstrated not by individuals _as individuals_, but as embodiments of different specific ideas. On the Genesis of Species

A change of conditions occurs which threatens the existence of the species, but the _two varieties_ are adapted to the changing conditions, and, if accumulated, will form two new _species adapted to the new conditions_. Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences, Vol. 1

The fact is, we do not know of the origin of any two species of animals that do not cross and whose offspring are not fertile; in other words, we do not know of the origin of _species, _ but only of _varieties_. Evolution An Investigation and a Critique

Just in so far as they have adjusted themselves to live in and overcome the opposition of the body-tissues of a certain species of animals, _just to that degree they have incapacitated themselves to live in the tissues of any other species_. Preventable Diseases

It has now been shown, though most briefly and imperfectly, how the law that "_Every species has come into existence coincident both in time and space with a pre-existing closely allied species_," connects together and renders intelligible a vast number of independent and hitherto unexplained facts. Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection A Series of Essays

The immutability of species, _as he defined species_, was the logical consequence of this theory, and that, it seems to me, is the substantial difference between him and Darwin. The Autobiography of a Journalist, Volume I

These properties, then, which were connoted by the name, logicians seized upon, and called them the essence of the species; and not stopping there, they affirmed them, in the case of the _infima species_, to be the essence of the individual too; for it was their maxim, that the species contained the A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive (Vol. 1 of 2)

These properties, then, which were connoted by the name, logicians seized upon, and called them the essence of the species; and not stopping there, they affirmed them, in the case of the _infima species_, to be the essence of the individual too; for it was their maxim, that the species contained the A System Of Logic, Ratiocinative And Inductive

The fossil species, although belonging to known and existing _genera_, are essentially different in _species_ from those which now live upon the earth. The American Quarterly Review, No. 17, March 1831

It is contended on the other side that we have no evidence of any limits to variation other than those imposed by physical conditions, such, _e. g._, as those which determine the greatest degree of speed possible to any animal (of a given size) moving over the earth's surface; also it is said that the differences in degree of change shown by different domestic animals depend in great measure upon the abundance or scarcity of individuals subjected to man's selection, together with the varying direction and amount of his attention in different cases; finally, it is said that the changes found in nature are within the limits to which the variation of domestic animals extends, -- it being the case that when changes of a certain amount have occurred to a species under nature, it becomes _another species_, or sometimes _two or more other species_ by divergent variations, each of these species being able again to vary and diverge in any useful direction. On the Genesis of Species

_variety_; and so long as it was believed that species were separate creations, or at all events had an origin quite distinct from that of varieties, this law could have no exceptions, because, if any two species had been found to be fertile when crossed and their hybrid offspring to be also fertile, this fact would have been held to prove them to be not _species_ but _varieties_. Darwinism (1889)

(published by the Linnean Society in 1863), he includes under the single species, Rosa canina -- the common dog-rose -- no less than twenty-eight named _varieties_ distinguished by more or less constant characters and often confined to special localities, and to these are referred about seventy of the _species_ of British and continental botanists. Darwinism (1889)

It might be safe and legitimate enough, when we find a fossil organism imbedded in the earth, to ascribe its production to the ordinary law of generation, even although we had not witnessed the fact of its birth, provided the same species is known to have existed previously; but when we find _new races_ coming into being, for which the ordinary law of derivation cannot account, we are not at liberty to apply the same rule to a case so essentially different, and still less to postulate _a spontaneous generation_, or a _transmutation of species_, for which we have no experience at all. Modern Atheism under its forms of Pantheism, Materialism, Secularism, Development, and Natural Laws

What does species mean?

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