Streptococcus Wiki - What is the streptococcus?
Streptococcus is a genus of gram-positive coccus (plural cocci), or spherical bacteria, that belongs to the family Streptococcaceae, within the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria), in the phylum Firmicutes. Cell division in streptococci occurs along a single axis, so as they grow they tend to form pairs or chains that may appear bent or twisted. (Contrast with that of staphylococci, which divide along multiple axes, thereby generating irregular grape-like clusters of cells.) The term was coined in 1877 by Viennese surgeon Albert Theodor Billroth (1829–1894), by combining the prefix "strepto-" (from Ancient Greek: στρεπτός, translit. streptós, lit. 'easily twisted, pliant'), together with the suffix "-coccus" (from Modern Latin: coccus, from Ancient Greek: κόκκος, translit. kókkos, lit. 'grain, seed, berry'.) Most streptococci are oxidase-negative and catalase-negative, and many are facultative anaerobes (capable of growth both aerobically and anaerobically). In 1984, many bacteria formerly grouped in the genus Streptococcus were separated out into the genera Enterococcus and Lactococcus. Currently, over 50 species are recognised in this genus. This genus has been found to be part of the salivary microbiome..
What does the word streptococcus mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word streptococcus in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with streptococcus and anagrams of streptococcus.
Definitions of "streptococcus"
- A round to ovoid, gram-positive, often pathogenic bacterium of the genus Streptococcus that occurs in pairs or chains, many species of which destroy red blood cells and cause various diseases in humans, including erysipelas, scarlet fever, and strep throat. noun
- A spherical, gram-positive bacterium of the genus Streptococcus. Although commonly found benignly in the human mouth and gut, and though many species are non-pathogenic, other species can cause diseases including strep throat and more serious conditions. noun
- A long or short chain of micrococci, more or less curved. noun
- A genus of bacteria belonging to the family Coccaceæ. The cells are spherical, frequently forming chains; flagella are wanting. Division is in but one direction. The species are mostly associated with pathogenic conditions of animal tissues. S. pyogenes is a common pus-forming species. noun
- A bacterium of the genus Streptococcus. noun
- spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis noun
The word "streptococcus" in example sentences
ANDREWS: Yes, my wife had something called streptococcus B, and she needed to be on antibiotics during the delivery, either C-section or natural, or else the baby could die.. [CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: Husband of Pregnant Mother Murdered for Unborn Son Speaks Out; Will the U.S. Retaliate for Yesterday's Terrorist Attack? - October 13, 2000]
Having studied many cases of child-bed fever at the hospitals, he declared before a medical society that he had seen its cause, and challenged he drew a picture resembling a rosary of what we now know as a streptococcus, or chain coccus.. [The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 11: New Mexico-Philip]
The rotavirus vaccine protects against severe vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration caused by the rotavirus; and the pneumococcal vaccine protects against serious infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, and blood poisoning, as well as ear infections caused by bacteria known as streptococcus pneumoniae.. [Cayman Net News Daily Headlines]
Decay is caused by bacteria, called streptococcus mutans, that live in the mouth and feed on sugar in the diet.. [Home | Mail Online]
Along with pneumococcus, that class includes diphtheria, tetanus, listeria and group A streptococcus, which is also known as the flesh-eating bacterium.. [The Earth Times Online Newspaper]
Along with pneumococcus, that class includes tetanus, listeria and group A streptococcus, which is also known as the flesh-eating bacterium.. [Medlogs - Recent stories]
The other two people, a man and a woman, died from a type of bacterial meningitis called streptococcus pneumoniae.. [KAKE - HomePage - Headlines]
The most damaging bacteria, called streptococcus mutans, live in the mouth and feed on sugar in the diet.. [Home | Mail Online]
However, some bacteria such as streptococcus lactis, when growing in milk, convert the mill; sugar (lactose) into lactic acid, an essential ingredient in traditional cheesemaking.. [Chapter 5]
Giving infants pre-chewed food has been reported to transmit infections such as streptococcus and the hepatitis B virus, Gaur said.. 
"A few colonies of a mouth streptococcus, which is non-pathogenic, and an entrococcus, which represents fecal bacteria and a few yeast.. [News for NBC13.com]
Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA was found on 18 patient and four worker phones while streptococcus was present on 14 patient and seven worker phones.. [Years of Sitting on the Job Linked to Cancer]
That's when the same Group A streptococcus bacteria seem to trigger an autoimmune reaction that brings a sudden onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD, tics and other neurological changes.. [Week in Words]
About 50 will suffer from infected blisters; in some cases the bacterial infection is caused by group A streptococcus (GAS).. [Chickenpox]
A number of common food-borne infectious agents (such as salmonella and E-coli) are also potential hemolysis triggers, as are certain strains of ailments such as streptococcus and influenza, suggesting that better public health and hygiene practices could ameliorate the disorder's effects.. [Randall Amster: The Most Common Disease You've Never Heard Of]
They found an unusual bacteria growing and it was the streptococcus.. [Honoring a Medical Institution]
Streptococcus TranslatesStreptococcus English to Turkish Translate
i. (çoğ. -coc, -ci) streptokok basili.i. (çoğ. -coc, -ci) streptokok basili.