Taste Wiki - What is the taste?

Taste, gustatory perception, or gustation is one of the five traditional senses that belongs to the gustatory system. Taste is the sensation produced when a substance in the mouth reacts chemically with taste receptor cells located on taste buds in the oral cavity, mostly on the tongue. Taste, along with smell (olfaction) and trigeminal nerve stimulation (registering texture, pain, and temperature), determines flavors of food and/or other substances. Humans have taste receptors on taste buds (gustatory calyculi) and other areas including the upper surface of the tongue and the epiglottis. The gustatory cortex is responsible for the perception of taste. The tongue is covered with thousands of small bumps called papillae, which are visible to the naked eye. Within each papilla are hundreds of taste buds. The exception to this is the filiform papillae that do not contain taste buds. There are between 2000 and 5000 taste buds that are located on the back and front of the tongue. Others are located on the roof, sides and back of the mouth, and in the throat. Each taste bud contains 50 to 100 taste receptor cells. The sensation of taste includes five established basic tastes: sweetness, sourness, saltiness, bitterness, and umami. Scientific experiments have demonstrated that these five tastes exist and are distinct from one another. Taste buds are able to distinguish between different tastes through detecting interaction with different molecules or ions. Sweet, savory, and bitter tastes are triggered by the binding of molecules to G protein-coupled receptors on the cell membranes of taste buds. Saltiness and sourness are perceived when alkali metal or hydrogen ions enter taste buds, respectively.The basic tastes contribute only partially to the sensation and flavor of food in the mouth—other factors include smell, detected by the olfactory epithelium of the nose; texture, detected through a variety of mechanoreceptors, muscle nerves, etc.; temperature, detected by thermoreceptors; and "coolness" (such as of menthol) and "hotness" (pungency), through chemesthesis. As taste senses both harmful and beneficial things, all basic tastes are classified as either aversive or appetitive, depending upon the effect the things they sense have on our bodies. Sweetness helps to identify energy-rich foods, while bitterness serves as a warning sign of poisons.Among humans, taste perception begins to fade around 50 years of age because of loss of tongue papillae and a general decrease in saliva production. Humans can also have distortion of tastes through dysgeusia. Not all mammals share the same taste senses: some rodents can taste starch (which humans cannot), cats cannot taste sweetness, and several other carnivores including hyenas, dolphins, and sea lions, have lost the ability to sense up to four of their ancestral five taste senses..

What does the word taste mean? Find synonyms, antonyms and the meaning of the word taste in our free online dictionary! Find words starting with taste and anagrams of taste.

Definitions of "taste"

  • To distinguish the flavor of by taking into the mouth. verb-transitive
  • To eat or drink a small quantity of. verb-transitive
  • To partake of, especially for the first time; experience. verb-transitive
  • To perceive as if by the sense of taste. verb-transitive
  • Archaic To appreciate or enjoy. verb-transitive
  • To distinguish flavors in the mouth. verb-intransitive
  • To have a distinct flavor: The stew tastes salty. verb-intransitive
  • To eat or drink a small amount. verb-intransitive
  • To have experience or enjoyment; partake: tasted of the life of the very rich. verb-intransitive
  • The sense that distinguishes the sweet, sour, salty, and bitter qualities of dissolved substances in contact with the taste buds on the tongue. noun
  • This sense in combination with the senses of smell and touch, which together receive a sensation of a substance in the mouth. noun
  • The sensation of sweet, sour, salty, or bitter qualities produced by or as if by a substance placed in the mouth. noun
  • The unified sensation produced by any of these qualities plus a distinct smell and texture; flavor. noun
  • A distinctive perception as if by the sense of taste: an experience that left a bad taste in my mouth. noun
  • The act of tasting. noun
  • A small quantity eaten or tasted. noun
  • A limited or first experience; a sample: "Thousands entered the war, got just a taste of it, and then stepped out” ( Mark Twain). noun
  • A personal preference or liking: a taste for adventure. noun
  • The faculty of discerning what is aesthetically excellent or appropriate. noun

The word "taste" in example sentences

"Note their shape, their exact colour; note their peculiar odour; and, above all, note their taste; for there are other plants, quite worthless for the purpose, closely resembling this one; but the _taste_ will at once tell you when you have found the right one.". [The Voyage of the Aurora]

I. ii.47 (332,4) taste of my virtue] Though _taste_ may stand in this place, yet I believe we should read, _assay_ or _test_ of my virtue: they are both metallurgical terms, and properly joined.. [Notes to Shakespeare, Volume III: The Tragedies]

The term taste, like all other figurative terms, is not extremely accurate; the thing which we understand by it is far from. [On the Sublime and Beautiful]

The term taste, like all other figurative terms, is not extremely accurate; the thing which we understand by it is far from a simple and determinate idea in the minds of most men, and it is therefore liable to uncertainty and confusion.. [On Taste. Introductory Discourse]

We apply the term taste to that act of the mind by which we like or dislike, whatever be the subject.. [Seven Discourses on Art]

As music has become more disposable, the term taste maker has slowly, but certainly, evolved into taste aggregator and sitting down with a challenging record is somehow no longer worth the effort.. [Herohill]

The thickness of the cut and the taste is the best with Choong Moo Roh.. [Sifton Dubs Madangsui Best BBQ in K-Town | Midtown Lunch - Finding Lunch in the Food Wasteland of NYC's Midtown Manhattan]

However, her taste is a bit questionable (obviously; look who she married) so something had to be done.. [Yes. I got a haircut.]

The other quarter of the time, their taste is acceptable.. [Matthew Yglesias » Encounters at the End of the World]

Since the hummus, pita and falafals are prepared everyday fresh, the taste is amazing.. [Breaking News: Crisp Unveiled & Open for Business | Midtown Lunch - Finding Lunch in the Food Wasteland of NYC's Midtown Manhattan]

A buck a taste is a great price, but probably not very helpful when it comes to paying the bills.. [Is Vintage New York Doing New York Wines Justice?]

That being said, Thunderbird for my taste is a fine email client for home and work with a transparent LDAP interface.. [Groupware Still Sucks - Anil Dash]

Just a taste is all you need to change the way you think about yogurt.. [Shop!]

Like most things deep-flavored, complex, and both sweet and bitter (dark chocolate, espresso with sugar), cane syrup, once the taste is acquired, can become addictive.. [Sweet Home Louisiana]

Psychologists at Knox College in Galesburg, Ill., enrolled 30 male students in what they described as a taste study.. [Archive 2006-05-01]

The slow perfecting of the senses which we call taste has not even begun.. [Collected Works of W. B. Yeats Volume III Autobiographies]

Taste Translates

TurkishTaste English to Turkish Translate
f .tatmak, tadına bakmak, çeşnisine bakmak; denemek; tadı olmak. taste blood galip gelmekten büyük bir zevk almak. taste of tatmak, görmek.f .tatmak, tadına bakmak, çeşnisine bakmak; denemek; tadı olmak. taste blood galip gelmekten büyük bir zevk almak. taste of tatmak, görmek.

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Mac & Cheese Candy Cane Taste Test 🤢
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Tyga - Taste ft. Offset (Instrumental)
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Tyga - "Taste" | Phil Wright Choreography | Ig: @phil_wright_

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Taste Word Data

  • Pronunciations(tāst)
  • Character5
  • Hyphenation taste


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